Often described as the ‘quintessential French sports car’, Amilcar took its name from those of its founders, Joseph Lamy and Emile Akar. The first car, the Type CC, was designed by ex-Citroën engineer Edmond Moyet. A small tourer with a 903 cc side-valve engine, it was quite successful at hill climbs, leading Lamy to consider an overt sporting model. The result was the CS, with a larger 985 cc engine and a two-seat body by Charles Duval of Paris.
In 1924 Amilcar introduced the CGS, with a 1,074 cc pressure-lubricated engine and four-wheel brakes. With a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph), it became popular in competition, particularly in the United Kingdom.