The Type V (VA, VB, VC) series, introduced in 1905, was equipped with an unconventional four-cylinder sidevalve engine, boasting a capacity of just under 4.4 liters. The unique engine design included paired cylinders on a shared crankcase, but instead of a single camshaft, it featured two separate ones—one for the inlet valves and another for the exhausts.
The vehicle also sported traditional Renault characteristics such as the ‘coal-scuttle’ bonnet, rear-mounted radiator, semi-elliptic suspension (with an additional transverse spring at the rear), rear drum brakes, transmission brake, and a three-speed gearbox. Steering was accomplished through rack-and-pinion, while the final drive utilized bevel gears. The Type VA had a wheelbase of 272cm, whereas the VB and VC had a slightly longer wheelbase of 291cm.
This particular 1906 Renault VB model showcases grand formal coachwork by J Rothschild et Fils, a Paris-based carriage maker founded by Josef Rothschild in 1838. The firm later transitioned to J Rothschild et Fils, Rheims et Auscher Successeurs after being taken over by engineers Rheims and Auscher. Rothschild was notable for pioneering the use of shaped metal in motor bodies.