Other models retained the small taillight-and-fin motif that had become a Cadillac hallmark. The division’s basic ’54 look persisted through effective, if evolutionary, facelifts for 1955 and ’56. The latter year saw introduction of Cadillac’s first four-door hardtop Sedan de Ville, which immediately scored almost as many sales as the Coupe de Ville and standard 62 hardtop combined.
Round, jet-style dual exhaust outlets were incorporated into the vertical bumper extensions and the rear bumper was entirely redesigned. An Eldorado type wraparound windshield was seen on all models. Sedans used a distinctive type of window reveal molding which created a built-in sun visor effect. For coupes, a smoothly curved wraparound backlight (i.e., rear window) was referred to as the “Florentine” style rear window. A wide ventilator intake now stretched across the base of the windshield on all models and the chrome visored headlamp look was emphasized.
The Series 62 chassis had a brand new, longer wheelbase. One identifying feature of this line was the lack of rear fender louvers. V-shaped ornaments and crests were used on the hood and deck and there were full-length body underscores in bright metal. Coupe DeVille scripts were seen on the rear corner pillars of the luxury hardtop, which also had wider sill moldings. The Eldorado (which is still considered a series 62) had golden identifying crests centered directly behind the air-slot fenderbreaks and wide, fluted beauty panels to decorate the lower rear body sides. These panels were made of extruded aluminum and also appeared on a unique, one-of-a-kind Eldorado coupe built for the president of the Reynolds Aluminum Co. Also included on the production convertible were monogram plates on the doors, wire wheels, and custom interior trimmings with the Cadillac crest embossed on the seat bolsters. Automatic windshield washers, power steering, 12-volt electrical system and aluminum alloy pistons made the long standard equipment list this year. The Series 62 four-door sedan was now seven inches shorter than other models in this range. Another one-off creation was an exclusive Sedan DeVille.
I. D. NUMBERS
Serial numbers and engine numbers were again one and the same.
They appeared on the right-hand of the crankcase above the water pump and on the right frame side bar behind the engine support.
The first two symbols were “54” for 1954.
The next two symbols indicated series as follows: “62”, “60” or “75”.
The remaining digits represented the consecutive unit number and began with 00000 for each series.
All series had the same ending number, which would be misinterpreted if listed.
The export sedan was shipped in CKD form to foreign countries.
The symbol X after Body Style Number with brackets indicates hydraulic window lifts optional equipment
without brackets indicates this feature is standard.
V-8 Overhead valves.
Cast iron block.
Bore and stroke
96.8mm x 92.1mm
230 hp @ 4400 rpm
171 kW @ 4400 rpm
Five main bearings.
Hydraulic valve lifters.
Carter WCFB four-barrel Models 2143S, 2109S and 2110S – also – Rochester 4GC four-barrel (with Aire) Model 7006963; (without Aire) Model 7006962.
Series 62 Sedan
8.00 x 15 (opt. 8.20 x 15 whitewall)
Series 62 Coupe, Conv.
8.00 x 15 (opt. 8.20 x 15 whitewall — except for 6267)
Dual exhaust system standard
Rear axle ratio
(Standard) 3.07: 1
(Standard with air conditioning; optional without) 3.36:1
Hydra-Matic drive on Series 75
Power operated window and Seat
Chrome wire wheels
White sidewall tires
E-Z-Eye tinted glass
Autronic Eye automatic headlamp dimmer
Vertical front seat adjuster
Horizontal front seat adjuster (standard on Coupe DeVille, and convertible)
Other standard GM options and accessories
Click to supersize
Assembly of 1954 models began January 4, 1954 after a 25 day halt for changeover to new production specifications.
Fiberglass-bodied Cadillac show cars appearing at the GM Motorama this year included the Park Avenue four-door sedan, El Camino coupe, and La Espada convertible.