Between 1905 and 1925, there were thousands of automobile manufacturers in the United States. The most successful were those that had manufactured something else before they began making cars. George N. Pierce started by producing birdcages, progressed to bicycles, and eventually automobiles in 1901. By the First World War, Pierce-Arrow’s prestige was at its height. It was the car of choice of some of America’s most prominent families. Every president from Taft through F.D.R. had at least one Pierce-Arrow in the White House fleet.